The test of the Sacrifice of Isma’il in Surah As – Saafat 99-111 – Tafseer Ibn Katheer

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Asalamu ‘alaikum!

Sincere apologies for not posting my scheduled Qur’an lessons. Life got in the way but alhamdullilah ! I might be a little inconsistent with my blog posts over the next two months but insha allah will try and post when I am able to.

That been said, I was reading Surah As – Saffat last night and its tafseer and couldn’t help but share the Ayahs from 99-111 especially now that we are approaching Eid Al Adha.

A great story from the Qur’an to learn and pass on to children! 
Allah tells us that after He helped His close friend Ibrahim, peace be upon him, against his people, and after Ibrahim gave up hoping that they would ever believe despite all the mighty signs that they had witnessed, he emigrated away from them, and said:

Verily, I am going to my Lord. He will guide me! My Lord! Grant me (offspring) from the righteous.) As – Saffat 99-100

meaning, obedient children, in compensation for his people and relatives whom he had left.

Allah said:

(So We gave him the glad tidings of a forbearing boy.) As – Saffat 101

This child was Isma`il, peace be upon him, for he was the first child of whom glad tidings were given to Ibrahim, peace be upon him, and he was older than Ishaq.

And, when he (his son) was old enough to walk with him,) As-Saffat 102

means, when he grew up and started to go with his father and walk with him, for Ibrahim used to go every so often to check on his son and his mother (Hajar) in the land of Faran (i.e., Makkah), to see how they were doing.

And, when he (his son) was old enough to walk with him, he said: “O my son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you. So look what you think!”) As-Saffat 102

According to a hadeeth narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas and attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “The dreams of the Prophets are Wahy (revelation).”
He told his son that in order to make it easier for him, and also to test his patience and resolve, at a young age, in obeying Allah and obeying his father.

He said: “O my father! Do that which you are commanded…”) As- Saffat 102

meaning, ` obey the command of Allah and sacrifice me.’

(if Allah wills, you shall find me of the patient.) As-Saffat 102

meaning, `I will be patient and will seek the reward for that with Allah.’ He, may peace and blessings be upon him, believed in what had been promised. Allah said:

(Then, when they had both submitted themselves, and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead;) As-Saffat 103

means, when both of them had pronounced the Shahadah and remembered Allah — Ibrahim because he was about to offer a sacrifice and Isma` il because he was about to die. Or it was said that “submitted themselves” means that they submitted and followed the command of Allah; Ibrahim obeyed the command of Allah and Isma` il obeyed Allah and his father.

The meaning of the phrase “and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead” is: he placed him face down so that he could slaughter him from behind, and not have to see his face at the time of slaughter, so that it would be easier for him.

Then he laid him prostrate on his face. He turned him upside down on his face.” As Saffat 103

Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said,

“When the rituals were enjoined upon Ibrahim, peace be upon him, the Shaytan appeared to him at the Mas`a and raced with him, but Ibrahim got there first. Then Jibril, upon him be peace, took him to Jamrat Al-`Aqabah and the Shaytan appeared to him, so he stoned him with seven pebbles until he disappeared. Then he appeared him at Al-Jamrah Al-Wusta and he stoned him with seven pebbles.
Isma`il, peace be upon him, was wearing a white shirt, and he said, ` O my father, I do not have any garment in which I can be shrouded apart from this; take it off me so that you can shroud me in it.’
He started to take it off, then he was called from behind:

(O Ibrahim! You have fulfilled the dream!) Indeed, We thus reward the doers of good.

Verily, that indeed was a manifest trial and We ransomed him with a great sacrifice (a ram;) As – Saffat 104 – 107

Ibrahim turned, and saw a fine, horned, white ram.

” Ibn `Abbas said, “We used to look for similar types of rams.” Hisham mentioned this Hadith at length in Al-Manasik.
It was reported that Ibn ` Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “A ram which had grazed in Paradise for forty years.”

and We left for him ( a goodly remembrance) among generations (to come) in later times. “Salamun (peace) be upon Abraham!” Thus indeed do We reward the Muhsineen (good doers). Verily, he was one of Our believing slaves.  As – Saffat 108 -111

 


Tafseer Ibn Katheer pgs 4266 – 4271

Noble Qur’an : Chapter 37 Surah As Saffat ayahs 99 – 111

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