Part 4: Al Harakaat (The Vowels)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salātu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa rasoolillahi

Ammā Ba’d: (In the name of Allah ‎سبحانه وتعالى and blessings upon the messenger ﷺ )

”Allaahumma laa sahla ‘illaa maal ja’altahu sahlan wa ‘Anta taj’alul-hazna ‘ithaa shi’ta sahlan.”  ‘(O Allah, there is no ease other than what You make easy. If You please, You ease sorrow.’)

Just like the 5 main vowels ( a, e, i, o and u), in the English language, the Arabic language also has vowels. In Arabic, there can’t be a word without a vowel being used. In case of letter ا (Alif )a ء Hamza is used and then the short vowel is placed on top of it.

🖤  Harakaat is the name given to the Arabic vowels and is the plural form of Harakah.

🖤  Harakah in the Arabic language refers to something with movement.

🖤  We can understand that the vowels are called “Harakah” because when a letter has a vowel; it causes the jaw to move in a specific way.

🖤  The letter with a Harakah is read by combining first the sound of the letter to the specific movement of the jaw.

🖤  There are three main harakaat in Arabic: Fat-hah , Kasrah, Dhammah

1- Fathah – is a tiny diagonal stroke above a letter and it produces the sound of “ā”. (opening of the mouth)


2- Kasrah – is a tiny diagonal stroke under a letter and it produces the sound of “e”. (lowering of the jaw)


ِ3- Dammah – is a tiny letter waw above a letter and it produces the sound of “ū”. (circling of the lips)


The Arabic vowels Harakaat (movement) Fathah (a) Kasrah (i) and Dammah (u) are not part of Arabic alphabet, but they are naturally pronounced when letters are joined to make words and words are joined to make sentences. The sound is just a single beat and requires no elongation.

Exercise 1:

Do we still remember the letters? Here’s a recap of the 27 letters in the Arabic alphabet. Part 2- The Alphabet (huroof)🌷

Let’s try this exercise with the vowel fat-ha:

تَ (ta)

جَ (Ja)


Can we try and practice the rest of the alphabet with the fat-ha vowel?

Exercise 2:

Now let’s move onto the vowel kasrah:

فِ (fe)

بِ (be)

نِ (ne)

Again, insha allah  try it with the rest of the other letters.

Exercise 3:

Dhammah vowel:

م (mu)




Excellent! With practice makes perfect so let’s practice it for the rest of the week and familiarise ourselves more with the three harakaat and letters too.

Please find this helpful video to serve as a guide in case you struggle with pronouncing some of the letters.

Next post on the let’s learn Quran series will be on Friday Insha Allah. Trying my best to stick to the schedule 💕


WasSallallahu ‘alā Nabiyinā Muhammad.

Your Sister in Islam (Umm Yusuf / Mina) 

Picture by Hadi ~ Hawaii 🌹

Credit goes to:My institute that taught me Qur’an from the letters to tarteel. May  Allah preserve all those that taught me and make it as a sadaqa jariya for them. Ameen

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