During my weekly Sunday Talaqqi (lectures conducted by a qualified individual), the sister may Allah reward her with good, was reading from the book of Shaykh Al Fawzan titled : “al huqooq al waajibah ala al muslim” Required duties of a Muslim.
Alhamdullilah I took notes for my own reading but found the class so beneficial so why not share with you all??
In a chapter of the book, the Shaykh highlighted the obligations every Muslim must fulfill except three types of individuals:
It was narrated from ‘Ali that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The Pen has been lifted from three: from the one who is sleeping until he wakes up, from the child until he reaches the age of puberty, and from one who is insane until he comes to his senses.”
Tawheed – The oneness of Allah on earth.
Tawheed is something we learn everyday of our lives. ‘
”Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly fabricated a tremendous sin.” Surah nisaa ayah 48
The Shaykh mentioned that we should put our deen first before the dunya.
It is He who created for you all of that which is on the earth. Then He directed Himself to the heaven, [His being above all creation], and made them seven heavens, and He is Knowing of all things.” Al baqarah ayah 29
We are accountable for all our actions and will be questioned for every little thing we do in our standing before Allah سبحانه وتعالى.
[It was] so that Allah may punish the hypocrite men and hypocrite women and the men and women who associate others with Him and that Allah may accept repentance from the believing men and believing women. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.” Surah ahzab ayah 73
May Allah سبحانه وتعالى accept the repentance of the believing people.
“Each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock. The ameer (ruler) who governs the people is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock. A man is the shepherd of the members of his household and is responsible for them. A woman is the shepherd of her husband’s house and children and is responsible for them. A slave is the shepherd of his master’s wealth and is responsible for it. Each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 7138; Muslim, 1829)
‘Umar ibn Al-Khattaab, may Allah be pleased with him, wrote to one of his appointed governors saying, “Call yourself to account when you are in bliss before the reckoning of that severe Day, for whoever calls himself to account when he is in bliss will win the pleasure of Allah and achieve happiness, and whoever allows his life and desires to occupy all his attention and cause him to be negligent will be a regretful loser.”
We should thus call ourselves to reckoning before we are reckoned with. Let us reflect brothers and sisters of Islam. If one has done good, do show gratitude to Allah سبحانه وتعالى . If anyone has done bad, repent and do a good deed to wipe it out.
Abu Dhar Jundub bin Junadah and Abu Abdul Rahman Mu’adh bin Jabal, radiyallahu anhuma, reported that the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, said:
“Fear Allah wherever you may be; follow up an evil deed with a good one which will wipe (the former) out, and behave good-naturedly towards people.”
[Al-Tirmidhi relates it, saying: It is a good (hasan) Tradition. In some copies he says: It is a good and genuine (hasan and sahih) Hadith.]
”And of the people is he who worships Allah on an edge. If he is touched by good, he is reassured by it; but if he is struck by trial, he turns on his face [to the other direction]. He has lost [this] world and the Hereafter. That is what is the manifest loss.” Surah haj ayah 11
Rectifying affairs of akhirah precedes affairs of the dunya.
In Surah Nisaa ayah 36, 10 rights are mentioned as our obligations.
”Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good, and to relatives, orphans, the needy, the near neighbor, the neighbor farther away, the companion at your side, the traveler, and those whom your right hands possess. Indeed, Allah does not like those who are self-deluding and boastful.” Nisaa 36
To worship Allah سبحانه وتعالى and associate none with Him. The right of Allah سبحانه وتعالى as he created mankind.
“And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.” 51:56
The shaykh mentioned that Allah سبحانه وتعالى has given us every bounty in this dunya . We benefit none other than ourselves when we worship Allah سبحانه وتعالى .
He further added that Allah سبحانه وتعالى is not in need of our worship.
And Moses said, “If you should disbelieve, you and whoever is on the earth entirely – indeed, Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy.” Surah Ibraheem ayah 8
If one shows gratitude, Allah سبحانه وتعالى is pleased with them:
If you disbelieve – indeed, Allah is Free from need of you. And He does not approve for His servants disbelief. And if you are grateful, He approves it for you; and no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return, and He will inform you about what you used to do. Indeed, He is Knowing of that within the breasts.” Surah zumar ayah 7
The shaykh mentioned that Ibada (worship) means anything pleasing and beloved to Allah سبحانه وتعالى. Actions and rewards that go back to our Lord. It makes us closer to Allah سبحانه وتعالى and purifies us. We should remember Allah سبحانه وتعالى in good times for He will remember us in hard times.
“Say (O Muhammad to mankind): ‘If you (really) love Allah, then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Quran and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.’” [Al ‘Imran 3:31
Follow the prophet ﷺ and not any shaykh or companion we want to please. Pleasing everyone is an unachievable goal. Compromising when it comes to the deen is haram. Do not attach your religion to a particular group or Shaykh. People come and go but the haqq (truth) stays. Do take the haqq wherever it is from. Go with the proofs.
If we ask, we should only ask from Allah سبحانه وتعالى . If we seek help, we should only seek help from Allah سبحانه وتعالى .
Abdullah ibn Abbas (radi Allahu anhu) said:
One day, I was behind the Prophet (salAllahu alaihi wa sallam) so he said to me: “O young man, I am going to teach you some words. Be mindful of Allah, and He will protect you. Be mindful of Allah, and you will find Him facing you. If you ask, then ask of Allah. If you seek aid, then seek aid in Allah. Know that if the entire Ummah were to gather in order to benefit you with something, they could not benefit you with anything except with that which Allah has written for you. And if the entire Ummah were to gather in order to harm you with something, they could not harm you with anything except with what Allah has written against you. The pen has been lifted and the pages have dried.”
[at-Tirmidhi – Stated as Hadith Hasan Sahih]
If people imbed this hadeeth in themselves, then they would have yaqeen (certainty). May Allah grant us understanding. If ones heart is attached to Allah, Allah will put a light in their heart. Rizq (sustenance) is in the hands of Allah سبحانه وتعالى alone. Richness is not the richness of wealth but that of the heart (contentment)
If one abandons worship, then they have forsaken themselves. Allah سبحانه وتعالى ‘s creation is greater than that which we think.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, describing the Much-Frequented House (al-Bayt al-M’amoor) in the seventh heaven:
“Then I was taken up to the Much-Frequented House: every day seventy thousand angels visit it and leave, never returning to it again, another [group] coming after them.” [al-Bukhaari].
Whatever Allah سبحانه وتعالى forbids is bad for us and whatever Allah سبحانه وتعالى permits is good for us. We should be humble before Allah سبحانه وتعالى . We should show that we are in need of Allah سبحانه وتعالى .
“O Allah, it is Your mercy that I hope for, so do not leave me in charge of my affairs even for a blink of an eye and rectify for me all of my affairs. None has the right to be worshipped except You.” اللّهُـمَّ رَحْمَتَـكَ أَرْجـوفَلا تَكِلـني إِلى نَفْـسي طَـرْفَةَ عَـيْن، وَأَصْلِـحْ لي شَأْنـي كُلَّـه لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أنْـت Allâhumma rahmataka arjû. Falâ takilnî ilâ nafsî tarfata caynin, wa aslih lî sha’nî kullahu. Lâ ilâha illâ anta.
“Oh Allah guide me to what is good for me and save me from my own self”.
Whatever that takes you away from Allah is shirk. Everything your heart is attached to if it is not for the sake of Allah, is technically that which you worship.
That is the guidance of Allah by which He guides whomever He wills of His servants. But if they had associated others with Allah, then worthless for them would be whatever they were doing. Surah An’am ayah 88
Duty towards parents:
Right of parents comes straight after the right of Allah.
And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word. Al Isra ayah 23
Even if our parents did not take care of us, does not mean we should not take care of them. The Shaykh rahimahullah mentioned that we should be kind and gentle to our parents. They have their rights even if they are non Muslims. If they are Muslims then that is even a much greater right. No matter how hard we work, we will never fulfill the rights of our parents.
And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, [increasing her] in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the [final] destination. Surah Luqman ayah 14
Do not choose your pleasure over that of your parent. Think about the sacrifices your parents did even if it is your mother sacrificing something she was to buy only to buy you a beneficial book, clothing , shoes or pay for your transportation to school.
”DO NOT FORSAKE YOUR PARENTS WHEN CHOOSING A LIFE PARTNER” This dunya is very little. Whoever you marry can forsake you and close doors behind you. Your parents will never forsake you. Whoever forsakes their parents, Allah سبحانه وتعالى will hasten their punishment for them in this dunya. Whatever you do to your parents, shall be done to you by your children “what goes around shall come back around” Taking parents to care homes especially because you want to live your life is bad and a sad thing. Our choice of words in describing our parents even regarding their beliefs needs to be chosen carefully . Think about who taught you what you knew. Where is the gratitude towards your parents ?
May Allah سبحانه وتعالى make us amongst those who are good to our parents.
Kinship – whomsoever that is related to your parents by blood
Be good to them even if they cut you off. The beloved person to Allah سبحانه وتعالى is one that maintains ties even if relations are cut off.
The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when he said: “The one who maintains a relationship with his relatives only because they maintain a relationship with him is not truly upholding the ties of kinship. The one who truly upholds those ties is the one who does so even if they break off the relationship.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 5645).
Taking care of the orphans-
Fulfil your obligation towards the orphans.
Taking care of the miskeens –
Give a helping hand to the needy
Neighbours can have 3 rights.
Right of being a neighbour, right by relation (friends ) and right of being a Muslim.
A Muslim neighbour will therefore have 2 rights over you. Right of being your brother or sister in Islam and of being your neighbour .
A non Muslim neighbour has one right over you which is being your neighbour.
Narrated ‘Aishah -The Prophet. said, “Jibril (Gabriel) continued
to recommend me about treating the neighbours kindly and politely, so much so
that I thought he would order me to make them as my heirs
You should make peace with your neighbours and do not harm them.
Whomsoever your right hand possesses.
Narrated by Al-Ma’rUr bin Suwaid: I saw AbU Dhar A1-Ghifãri Z wearing a cloak, and his slave, too, was wearing a cloak. We asked him about that (i.e., how both were wearing similar cloaks). He replied, “Once I abused a man and he complained of me to the Prophet. The Prophet asked me, ‘Did you abuse him by slighting his mother?’ He added, ‘Your slaves are your brethren upon whom Allah has given you authority. So, if one has one’s brethren under one’s control, one should feed them with the like of what one eats and clothe them with the like of what one wears. You should not overburden them with what they cannot bear, and if you do so, help them in their hard job.
Islam is the religion of justice. We do not oppress one another for indeed, Allah hates the oppressors.
WasSallallahu ‘alā Nabiyinā Muhammad. Your Sister in Islam (Umm Yusuf / Mina) 💐
Picture by Hadi ~ Hawaii
“al huqooq al waajibah ala al muslim” Required duties of a Muslim by Shaykh Al Fawzan
✨ Surah maeda ayah 72
✨Surah Isra ayah 70
✨Surah Tin ayah 4-6
✨Surah Hujurat ayah 13
✨Surah Muminoon ayah 115
✨Surah qiyamah ayah 34-36
✨Surah Qasas ayah 60
✨Surah Ahzab ayah 72
✨Surah furqan, ayah 23
✨Surah Noor ayah 39
✨Surah Ibraheem ayah 18